Building a Recycling Society: End-of-life vehicle initiatives

Basic Approach

The Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles came into force in January 2005. Since then, automobile manufacturers have been responsible for collecting and recycling automobile shredder residue (ASR), airbags, and fluorocarbons (CFCs and HFCs)* generated by end-of-life vehicles. *Fluorocarbons are destroyed.
Daihatsu plays an active role in creating mechanisms and systems that facilitate the implementation of the Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles; it also works together with affiliated businesses to establish, maintain, and manage a culture of automotive recycling, and improve recycling rates.

Existing Initiatives

Collecting and recycling of three specified items

The Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles stipulates that automobile manufacturers are responsible for the collection, recycling, and proper processing of three specified items: ASR, airbags, and fluorocarbons.

Daihatsu outsources the collection and recycling of ASR residue to Toyotsu Recycle Corporation; it outsources the collection and recycling of airbags and fluorocarbons to the Japan Auto Recycling Partnership. In this way, it ensures that the three specified items are collected and recycled in a proper and efficient manner. Indeed, 99% of materials from our vehicles are now recycled.

Releasing information on recycling of end-of-life vehicles and information to processing companies

(1) In compliance with the requirements of the Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles, Daihatsu releases information of recycling fees for different models and implementation status of recycling. In this way, we strive both to realize efficient recycling activities, and to improve its recycling rates.

Resource recovery results for end-of-life vehicles in FY2019, in compliance with the Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles

Daihatsu provides information to automobile recyclers regarding collection fees, transportation fees, collection standards, and collection locations; at the same time, we provide work procedure manuals so that drive batteries from hybrid electric vehicles, and gas containers from compressed natural gas vehicles can be processed safely.

Maintenance and management initiatives

  • To ensure that recyclers are processing its end-of-life vehicles in compliance with the Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles, Daihatsu accompanies contractors to carry out audits of these recyclers. The audits entail on-site confirmations of processing work and facilities for ASR, airbags, and fluorocarbons; at the same time, they verify processing volumes and public commitments.
  • Local governments are responsible for managing processing facilities, and Daihatsu works together with the Japan Auto Recycling Partnership to provide lecturers to train the local government employees responsible.

Goals for 2025

Going forward, Daihatsu will continue to promote the stable processing of end-of-life vehicles in compliance with the Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles. We also work together with other automobile manufactures and affiliated businesses to further develop recycling technologies, and to establish schemes to cater to the future spread of electrified vehicles.

Key initiatives:
1. Expanding the scope of materials that can be recycled through developments in ASR sorting technologies
2. Promoting activities aimed at the proper processing of batteries from hybrid and other electrified vehicles, and establishing schemes aimed at reusing and rebuilding such batteries
3. Deploying Japanese automotive recycling technologies to overseas production bases
4. Steadily switching to the use of fluorocarbons (conform the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, and the Act on Rational Use and Proper Management of Fluorocarbons)

Examples of Concrete Initiatives

Airbag initiatives

  • In consideration of safety and ease of processing, all vehicles are equipped with airbag collective activation connectors, which enable all airbags in a vehicle to be activated without having to be removed.

Reducing fluorocarbon usage and adopting new refrigerants

  • As for the fluorocarbons are used as refrigerants in vehicle air-conditioning systems; in order to reduce their impact on global warming, Daihatsu has steadily reduced the initial amount of fluorocarbons it uses in its vehicles. In addition, since the launch of the completely redesigned Tanto in 2019, a new refrigerant (HFO-1234yf) with zero ozone depletion potential & low global warming potential is used.

Characteristics of fluorocarbons used in vehicle air-conditioning systems

Initiatives for the recycling of whole dismantled vehicles

  • In order to promote the recycling of whole dismantled vehicles—whereby dismantled vehicles have their copper parts removed and are then directly recycled in electric furnaces—Daihatsu provides instructions on how to remove copper parts (such as wiring harnesses and motors) to consortiums that carry out the recycling of whole dismantled vehicles.

Recycling repaired and replaced bumpers

  • Daihatsu collects repaired and replaced bumpers from dealers, then crushes, melts, and pelletizes them. These pellets are then reused to make parts for our vehicles, such as seat undertrays and engine undercovers.

Number of repaired and replaced bumpers collected

Rebuilding initiatives

  • Second-hand driveshafts and CVT assemblies are refurbished in-house until they are in like-new condition; these parts are then sold to customers at affordable prices, complete with manufacturer guarantees for peace of mind.

Initiatives for difficult-to-process parts

  • Some resin outer panel parts contain glass fiber or carbon fiber for lighter weight, and this makes them difficult to recycle and process. Daihatsu collects these difficult-to-process parts from its sales companies, before independently processing them.